Are you prepared for a disaster: An Emergency checklist

During unforeseen times of flood, heavy rains, earthquakes or tsunami, it is paramount to be fully prepared to save lives. You must learn about varied kinds of survival bags that have items in them according to the catastrophes. Since various things are needed under diverse situations, having a single and a comprehensive survival bag seems a little irrelevant. After all, who would pick and carry such a heavy and immobilized bag that has so many items stored in it.

So, we will go about knowing how to assemble survival kits according to catastrophes. A survival bag must remain ready for situations like:

*Being stranded in a boat/ship

*Vehicle breakdown

*Striking of natural disasters such as earthquake, hurricane, floods, cyclones, bushfires, storms etc

As I mentioned before, you will need to have different survival bags for different catastrophes since different catastrophes will require different items if you are to survive. In any case, you don’t want something that is too heavy for you to carry with ease otherwise you will probably die while trying to carry the bag! To start with, let’s take a look at the different types of survival bags you will need for various catastrophes/situations.

Types of Survival Bags

You may need a specific type of survival bag depending on the lifestyle you lead. While the basic function of a survival bag is to keep you protected and survive crises, different survival bags will obviously contain specific tools, things and equipment. Some of the popular types of emergency survival bags are;

Home Survival Bags

Home survival bags are meant for families to remain safe during emergency times. Of course, home itself is a haven; there may be some natural disaster that may not give you enough time to assemble important things. The most popular types of survival kits are those that are designed to stay at your home and keep your family safe during an emergency.

Automobile Survival Bags

Your office may just be a quarter of a mile away from home, but if you commute in a private vehicle, having an automobile survival kit becomes mandatory. Having a survival bag while you are travelling far or near will always keep safety in sight and you can be saved when emergency strikes.

School Survival Bags

It is mandatory for every school to keep a survival bag in classrooms to save kids during lockdowns. Schools assemble lockdown survival bags with relevant things, depending on their class size.

Office Survival Bags

Offices and companies need to keep survival bags in the office vicinities to ensure the safety and security of their workforce.

Travel Survival Bag

When traveling within forests or mountains, you shouldn’t forget a well stocked survival bag to ensure that you are ready for any eventuality. Actually, if you are to prepare a survival bag, it is best to ensure that it has enough stuff to sustain you for at least 3 days.

While having a survival bag that you can use any time wherever you are is a great idea, you need to ensure that you know what you really want to keep in the bag. To help you understand this, consider the following analogy of the power of threes.

Power of ‘Threes’

Since a lot needs to packed within a limited space, getting confused is very much normal. Understanding power of ‘threes’ will help you in picking the right things in the right quantities:

*3 Seconds without blood supply to brain can make you unconscious

*3 Minutes without sufficient air supply can make you lose your senses

*3 Hours without shelter or protective layer of clothing can freeze you to death or can kill you of heat wave

*3 Days without water can kill you

*3 Weeks without food can make you start losing your body’s energy level

With all that in mind, you need to start filling stuff into your survival bag while keeping in mind that you don’t have all the space to fit stuff in there. Before we come down to the assembly of specific survival bags, let us learn some 8 basic things that are very essential in almost all survival bags.

Common Mistakes To Avoid During Survival Preparedness

Knowing what mistakes to avoid when preparing a survival bag can make a big difference in determining how you would live if a catastrophe were to strike. Here are some blunders that you don’t want to make when preparing a survival bag.

Failing to plan for shelter

Having zero sheltering facility can cost you your life. Sometimes being unaware of what you need to build up a shelter can also lead to blunder. Don’t assume that you will survive just fine when you don’t have any method of keeping yourself sheltered. You could have a tent, sleeping bag or tarp.

Absence of Precise Navigation Tools

A survival bag without a navigation tool would be akin to keeping an unloaded bullet to ward off robbers. Losing the sense of direction when you are stranded in any kind of wilderness can only be dealt by having a reliable navigational tool. Keep in mind that one tool won’t be just enough; you need several.

Oblivion and Sheer Oblivion

Having a survival bag right next to you without any knowledge on how to use it will prove that you love to flirt with disasters. Don’t just assume that you know everything just because you have all you need; it is important to know how to use everything you keep in the bag. Apart from having a survival bag ready, you should also know how to –

*Build a shelter

*Signal for help

* Cook (Bonus if you can cook for a large family)

*Start and sustain fire

*Find water and make it safe for drinking

Undermining the Risk

Many disasters do not come unannounced. Usually, we ignore or undermine the warning signs that lead us towards intense catastrophe. Learn to expect the unexpected. This will never get you off guard. Have a contingency plan ready in your head so that it can be executed whenever the need arises. Don’t fail to plan or else you are planning to fail.

Inappropriate Clothing

If you are stranded in open wilderness (woods, desert, sea or mountains), wear one layer of warm cloth than you need. Give importance to what you are packing in your survival bag. Don’t pack cheap and make-shift clothes in the survival bag thinking you may never need those. You MAY need them.

Obtaining clean water

Human body CANNOT survive without water and don’t try to refute this by experimenting with water consumption while stranded during crises. Learn to find water and make it drinkable otherwise, you would soon fall sick due to waterborne diseases. Additionally, dehydration will deplete your energy in a critical way. Therefore, always ensure that you have steady supply of water and know how to sterilize it for drinking.

Weak or Nil Signaling

How would you get out of crises without signaling? Having a strong signaling device will make it easier for you to be located and saved early. While common and the basic signaling devices are mirrors and whistles, the sophisticated ones are high beam flashlights, satellite radios, and beacon devices. Keep a bright red or orange jersey that would attract attention amidst forests, trees, snow etc.

Inability to make / sustain Fire

Fire holds great importance during survival. In day, it will be useful in cooking and at night it will keep you warm and safe from predators. Keep good fire-making apparatus in the survival bag and practice starting a fire. Also, learn to make fire in a basic and primitive way to survive when nothing is available.

Very many people have misleading information on what survivalism is all about and what it means to keep a survival bag to survive different catastrophic situations. Let’s discuss a bit about some of the myths that are out there regarding the subject.

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